Mon. Jul 15th, 2024

K Suresh vs Om Birla: Parliament’s great fight! Know the election procedure and the role of the speaker of the Lok Sabha

K Suresh vs Om Birla Parliament's great fight! Know the electionK Suresh vs Om Birla

K Suresh vs Om Birla: On Tuesday, Om Birla, nominated as the NDA candidate for the Lok Sabha Speaker, officially submitted his nomination. Contesting against him for the position is Congress MP K Suresh, put forward by the INDIA bloc. Earlier, the INDIA alliance had indicated its willingness to support the NDA’s candidate for Speaker on the condition that it secures the Deputy Speaker position.

Because the NDA was hesitant to provide the Opposition the role of deputy speaker, the INDIA alliance nominated a candidate for Lok Sabha Speaker. The Speaker will be elected on June 26, marking the start of the Parliament session, which runs from June 24 to July 3.

Just before the new Lok Sabha convenes, the Speaker’s position becomes vacant. The President appoints a Pro-tem Speaker for a brief period until the results of the Speaker election are announced, to administer the oath to the newly elected MPs. This oath-taking ceremony takes place across the first two days of the session.

How is the speaker of the Lok Sabha chosen?

According to Article 93 of the Constitution, the Speaker of the Lok Sabha is elected by a simple majority. This means that the candidate who receives more than half of the votes from the members present in the House is elected as the Speaker.

Why does this post matter so much?

The Speaker of the Lok Sabha serves as the chief spokesperson of the House, with his decisions on all parliamentary matters considered final. Additionally, the Speaker acts as the guardian of the powers and privileges of members, the entire House, and its committees.

Within the House, the Speaker is the ultimate interpreter of the provisions of the Constitution of India, the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business of the Lok Sabha, and parliamentary precedents. -K Suresh vs Om Birla

The primary responsibility of the Speaker is to uphold order and decorum within the House to facilitate its proceedings and regulate business. Furthermore, the Speaker holds the authority to disqualify members for disruptive conduct under the 10th Schedule of the Constitution.

Furthermore, the Speaker appoints the chairpersons of all parliamentary committees in the Lok Sabha and oversees their functioning. The Speaker also has the authority to permit a ‘secret’ sitting of the House upon request from the Leader of the House.

During such sessions, no outsider can be present in the chamber, lobby, or galleries without the Speaker’s permission.

Additionally, the Speaker determines whether a bill qualifies as a money bill. If classified as such, the bill is sent to the Rajya Sabha for recommendations and subsequently presented to the President for assent. Following this process, the Speaker certifies it as a money bill.

Moreover, the Lok Sabha Speaker serves as the chairperson of the Business Advisory Committee, the Rules Committee, and the General Purposes Committee.

When will the Speaker of the Lok Sabha be removed?

Typically, the Speaker holds office for the duration of the Lok Sabha. However, the Speaker must vacate the position if: (a) he ceases to be a member of the Lok Sabha, (b) he resigns by submitting a written resignation to the Deputy Speaker, or (c) he is removed by a resolution passed by a majority of the current members of the Lok Sabha.

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A resolution to remove the Speaker can only be proposed with a 14-day advance notice. During the consideration of this resolution, the Speaker is not permitted to preside over the proceedings, although he may be present.

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